Criticism of justice, defense of Maduro and Unasur: everything left by the Lula-Alberto summit

the president of brazil Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, closed his first bilateral meeting since he took office as president on January 1. Taking advantage of the trip to the summit of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), to be held this Tuesday in Buenos Aires, the president met with Alberto Fernandez and began a new stage in Brazil’s relations with the international community.

Lula da Silva began his third and last presidential term in the midst of a climate of tension over the assault on Brasilia. Just as he promised, he just assumed that he took steps that set him apart from his predecessor, including the return of brazil to celac after three years of absence. It had been Bolsonaro who left the country from the regional mechanism due to the discrepancies with the regimes of Venezuela, Nicaragua and Cuba.

Massa explained that Argentina and Brazil will seek “a common currency, not a single one”

Thus, the leader of the Workers’ Party gave his first sign of pragmatism considering that he made that decision prior to the seventh summit of the 33 heads of state of the regional consultation forum, based in Argentina, which holds the presidency pro tempore. The value of the visit was double: on the one hand, the largest economy in Latin America (and where just over a third of its 600 million inhabitants live) returned to the international scene. On the other hand, he dedicated his first international visit to the Fernández’s Argentina, an encouraging symbol considering how anchored the Argentine economy is to the Brazilian one. As defined by a Brazilian journalist present in the White Room: The link between Brazil and Argentina is like a courtship in which one of the two is more in love than the other, but they are still together.

“I want it to be a gesture for Brazil”, explained Lula da Silva before the local and international press gathered at the Casa Rosada. She did it together with Alberto Fernández, with whom she has a friendship that dates back to 2019 when she visited him in jail. In the front row was Janja da Silva, wife and architect of the electoral campaign of the PT leader. Hug and mention to Messi through, the leaders celebrated the signing of the agreements by their ministers and showed Unitedespecially on uncomfortable topics such as the presence of Maduro or criticism of lawfare.

Lula, Alberto Fernandez and Evo Morales.

Lawfare and human rights: the declaration of Lula and Alberto

In a joint declaration of 82 points, the leaders began the new stage of the bilateral relationship who has a “strategic character” which “both countries consider as a State policy with an impact on the process of economic and social development in the region”. Highlights also include the criticism of lawfare and the request of respect for the judiciary something that resonated at the local level due to criticism against the ruling party for promoting a political trial of the Supreme Court.

“They ratified their conviction that democracy, pluralism and respect for human rights and individual liberties are factors of progress, prosperity and social peace. They highlighted the irreplaceable role that judicial institutions have in their constitutional systems as a guarantee of people’s rights against persecution for political reasons and lawfare. They stressed that the republican systems of government need judicial institutions to maintain their independence and impartiality in the face of economic, political and media interests”, reads article two of the letter.

In this sense, the positions on the governments of Nicolas Maduro in venezuela and daniel ortega in Nicaragua, the controversial guests at Celac, due to the investigations against them by international organizations for human rights violations. Also due to criticism of the presence of the president of Cuba, Miguel Diaz-Canel, another of the questioned guests. This double standard reached the ears of the Argentine president in the middle of a press conference this afternoon, when it was still unknown if the Venezuelan president would arrive in the country.

Lula da Silva’s visit in 20 photos: day 1 of his return to the international scene

“The truth is that the concern about the presence of the president of Venezuela and Cuba is more a concern of the media than of the members of Celac (…) The concern we should have is the dialogue between Venezuelans, which recover democratic coexistence and that their rights are respected”, Fernández stated in this regard. Shortly after, Maduro assured that he would decline his visit to the country, alleging a plan by the local “fascist right” to attack him.

For his part, Lula excluded: “I think we should calmly allow the self-determination of peoples to be respected in all countries, just as I am against the Russian territorial occupation in Ukraine, I am against many interferences in processes in Venezuela.” . “Brazil will reestablish diplomatic relations with Venezuela, with embassiesand we are going to restore the civilized relationship between two autonomous, free and independent states, what I want for Brazil, I want for Venezuela: respect for my sovereignty and respect for the self-determination of the peoples,” he continued.

Luiz Inácio Lula DaSilva in Argentina
Lula da Silva and Alberto Fernandez.

the return of brazil

Heads of state also gave priority to regional integration. In this sense, they agreed to advance in the elaboration of an “Action Plan for the Relaunch of the Brazil-Argentina Strategic Alliance”, which will be announced in June in Brazil with the presence of Fernández, within the framework of 200 years of Argentine relations. -Brazilian.

In addition to the return of Brazil to Celac, Lula and Alberto also sealed the relaunch of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), and advanced in “continuous improvements” of MERCOSUR, the regional bloc that suffered the onslaught of the Uruguayan Lacalle Pou in recent years.

Along these lines, they defended multilateralism “as a founding political principle of any regional and global order and pledged to work together to ensure its validity and ensure that the needs, challenges and possibilities of our countries are accepted in global forums.”


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