RadioProfile | On January 8, 1985, Colombia made peace with the M-19 guerrilla movement.

Since the beginning of his term as president in 1982, Belisario Betancur raised the need to initiate a peace process and dialogue with the armed guerrillas to put an end to political violence in Colombia. One of his first measures, in this regard, was the amnesty project that he presented to Congress and which became law a few months after he took office.

The application of this general pardon made it possible to release the majority of the political prisoners who were members of the guerrillas, with the exception of atrocious crimes. At the same time, he eliminated the “Security Statute” of his predecessor, Julio Cesar Turbay, which did not contemplate any type of agreement with the enemy and granted broad powers to the Armed Forces and created a Peace Commission that began to function in 1983. .

These measures were considered an act of recognition to the armed groups that began to be seen, from the government, as valid political actors and interlocutors and not as violent criminals. The so-called Revolutionary Armed Forces, the People’s Liberation Army, the April 19 Movement and the National Liberation Army, among others, participated in the proposed dialogue.

On March 28, 1984, in Uribe, the ceasefire agreement was reached with the FARC, for which reason all the fronts of that organization ceased their activities. Betancur reciprocated by ordering the same to the Military Forces.

The peace process advanced and a few months later, the government signed the same pact with the M-19 in Corinto, with the Popular Liberation Army in Medellín and with the Workers’ Self-Defense Movement in Bogotá.

While the guerrillas began to organize themselves to make their transition to political life, the government advanced in what was called the National Rehabilitation Plan in the regions most affected by the conflict. However, the Colombian pacification was weakened by the prevailing economic crisis and its consequent social deterioration; at the same time that the violence intensified again with the assassination of several leaders of the guerrilla organizations.

The assault on the Palace of Justice by the M-19, on November 6, 1985, ended the peace process initiated by Betancur. Finally, with the assassination of the Minister of Justice, Rodrigo Lara Bonilla, a new war began inside Colombia, this time with drug trafficking.

Script by Javier Pasaragua and locution by Ariel Dauría.

by Radio Profile FM 101.9

image gallery

in this note