Second death from monkey smallpox in Argentina

The Ministry of Health of the Nation guarantees this Monday the Second death in Argentina from monkeypox since the beginning of the outbreak internationally. According to information published in the National Epidemiological Bulletin (BEN), a person who was part of the group of patients with risk factors died in recent days.

So far, the only fatality from the disease had been a 44-year-old man who had been diagnosed with HIV without treatment and was admitted to intensive care in a hospital in the City of Buenos Aires.

The report noted that those infected with the so-called monkey smallpox are 1025, according to data collected up to November 22. The average age is 35 years, with a minimum of 0 years and a maximum of 78 years.

From the Ministry of Health they confirmed cases in 16 jurisdictions and suspects in 23, while information that the infections were concentrated in the Central region, in large urban conglomerates (66% of the positive cases were registered in CABA residents and as a whole with the provinces of Buenos Aires and Córdoba, they concentrate 95%).

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The BEN report also highlights that 98.14% of the cases correspond to persons of the legal male sex (19 correspond to the legal female sex, 4 of the trans gender and 15 of the cis gender).

Argentina is among the countries with the lowest cumulative incidence per 100,000 inhabitants at the regional level. Brazil, Colombia, Peru, the United States, Mexico and Chile present a greater number of accumulated cases, but at the same time, a higher accumulated incidence, according to the records of the World Health Organization.

What is known about Mpox: Where does it come from, how is it spread, are the symptoms appropriate?

1. Mpox is considered a endemic disease in 11 countries West and Central Africa and is caused by a virus that is transmitted to humans from heavy animals, usually rodents.

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2. The “simian orthopoxvirus” virus was discovered for the first time in 1958 in a group of macaques that were being studied, hence its name, according to Inserm, a leading French medical research institute.

3. The disease was first identified in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire), in a 9-year-old boy living in a region where smallpox had been eradicated since 1968. Since 1970, human cases of “simian orthopoxvirus” have been reported in 10 African countries.

4. The disease belongs to the same family as smallpox, which killed millions of people each year before being eradicated in 1980. But monkeypox is much less serious and has a mortality rate of 3-6%, depending on the case. Most facts recover in 3-4 weeks.

5. Early symptoms include fever, headache and muscle pain in the back. Then skin rashes, lesions, pustules and finally scabs appear.

6. This smallpox usually heals on its own and the symptoms last between 14 and 21 days.

7. Mpox can kill up to 10% of the people it infects. The milder strain that causes the actual outbreak kills one in 100, similar to when covid-19 appeared for the first time. The death rate from the virus was highest among children in previous outbreaks.

8. The virus can be contracted during a sexual act but It is not a sexually transmitted disease. The transmission needs a close and prolonged contact between two people and occurs mainly through saliva or pus from skin lesions that arise during the infection. The WHO warns that there is a “high risk” of further spread of the virus through skin-to-skin contact between families and sexual partners.

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9. There are not many treatment possibilities, but there are some antivirals developed against smallpox, including one that was recently approved by the European Medicines Agency. It was also found that the vaccines developed for smallpox are 85% effective in preventing monkeypox.

10. Experts warn that if the Mpox infections grow in growthVulnerable people and children, who are more likely to die from the virus, could start contracting it.

11. There is growing concern among scientists that the virus is spreading to wild animals and become endemic around the world, as is the case in parts of central and western Africa. The passage between humans and animals also increases the risk of mutation.

JP/ff

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